The Theater Arts Department often uses the MLA Style for citation. (Chicago Style is also preferred by some professors.)
Citing films and online videos are special cases that are often buried and hard to find in the style manuals. We've included some quick examples below.
Don't hesitate to ask a librarian if you're having problems!
Title of the Film. Directed by Director's Name, [performances by Performer's Name, Performer's Name, and Performer's Name]. Studio and/or Distributor, Year released.
The Learning Tree. Written, produced, and directed by Gordon Parks, performances by Kyle Johnson and Alex Clarke. Warner Bros., 1969, released on DVD 2011.
Title of the Film. Directed by Director's Name, [performances by Performer's Name, Performer's Name, and Performer's Name]. Studio and/or Distributor, Year released. Database Name, Stable URL.
Mavis!. Directed by Jessica Edwards. Film First Corp. and HBO Documentary Films, 2016. Kanopy, https://augsburg.kanopy.com/video/mavis-0.
“Title of the Episode.” Title of the Show, season X, episode YY, Original Broadcast or Cable Station, Date Month Year. Netflix [or other Distributor], Stable URL.
or, for a whole TV series:
Artist's Last name, First name, creator. Title of the Show. Studio and/or Distributor, Year released.
Barris, Kenya. Black-ish. Wilmore Films, American Broadcasting Company (ABC), 2014.
“Title of the Work.” YouTube [or other website], by Author Name, uploaded by Full Name, day Month year, Web address.
"Dancing with Somali People in Minneapolis." YouTube, reported by Megumi Ageshi, uploaded by Ethnic Neighborhoods, 14 February 2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tmu7LzRCDE0.
Daniel, Liam, film-still photographer. Tonica Dominante.
Directed by Lina Chamie, Cinematográfica Superfilmes and Ledo Audivisual Teatro, 2000. http://library.artstor.org.
An academic paper about theater or film is still an academic paper — one that needs to meet scholarly standards for quotation and citation. Think of this as a way to leave breadcrumbs that direct other scholars back to the things you focus on. You should put no image in your project, paper, or presentation without a proper citation.
That said, it is sometimes hard to find and capture citation-worthy information about a film you find on the Web. We at Lindell Library recommend using RefWorks to store information about your sources, and the outside resource IMDb (the Internet Movie Database) for tracking down citation-worthy information about films. Here is a quick primer on how to import citation information from IMDb to RefWorks:
Black Panther. Directed by Ryan Coogler, based on the Marvel comics by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby, Marvel Studios, 2018.
You now have a safe electronic location (that you can access from many platforms) where this film's citation information is stored.