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Citation and Style Guides

A guide to citation, including style guides, writing tools, plagiarism, and copyright.

About Chicago Style

Chicago style was developed by the University of Chicago Press and is used extensively in History, Art History, and other disciplines.

Chicago and Turabian do allow in-text citation like APA and MLA, but traditionally call for footnotes (at the bottom of a page) or endnotes (at the end of the work) instead.

What is Turabian style? Is it different from Chicago?
  • Chicago style was designed originally for book publishers. Turabian re-interprets it for scholarly papers.
  • They are essentially the same, but there are minor differences.
  • Check with your instructor about which version you should use.

Access the Chicago Manual of Style (17th Edition)

Style Guides

These are the official guides to Chicago and Turabian styles.

Style guides can be difficult to work with at times. If you have any questions, Ask a Librarian – we're here to help! – or check one of the websites or videos below. They provide summaries and simplified explanations.