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Business & Marketing

A guide to all aspects of Business, including Business Administration, Marketing, International Business, Entrepreneurship, Finance, and Company/Industry Data and Statistics.

APA Style

Many Business professors at Augsburg specify APA style for papers and citations.

How to Cite Business Sources

Citing business sources in your bibliography can be confusing, but there are some general guidelines you should follow:

  • When citing from a library database, include the database name.
  • When citing directly from a website or a wiki, include the URL.
  • When there is no exact date, or when the content changes frequently (such as a wiki, a directory, etc.), include the date you retrieved the material.

Here are some examples. All are from the APA 6th Edition.


Citing From a Database

ABI/INFORM

Vukovic, V. (2011). Political economy of the US financial crisis 2007-2009. Financial Theory and Practice, 35(1), 91-128. Retrieved from ABI/INFORM database.

Business Source Premier

Datamonitor. (2011, July 12). Advance Auto Parts, Inc.: Company profile. Retrieved from Business Source Premier database.

IBISWorld

Panteva, N. (2011, December). IBISWorld industry report 44812: Women’s clothing stores in the US. Retrieved from IBISWorld database.

Mergent Online

Mergent. (2011, February 2). Johnson & Johnson: Company financials. Retrieved from Mergent Online database.

Standard & Poor's NetAdvantage

Standard & Poor's. (2012, January 10). Dr. Pepper Snapple Group. Standard & Poor's Stock Report. Retrieved from S&P NetAdvantage database.
Standard & Poor's. (2011, August 4). Communications equipment. Standard & Poor's Industry Surveys. Retrieved from S&P NetAdvantage database.

Other Examples

Online Document

Statistics Canada. (2010). Consumer goods rental. Catalogue no. 63-239-x. Retrieved February 10, 2014, from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/63-239-x/63-239-x2011000-eng.pdf.

Corporate Website

Community involvement at Starbucks. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.starbucks.com/sharedplanet/communityInvolvement.aspx.

Company Profile

Biblography

The Walt Disney Co. (2012, October 1). In Standard & Poor’s. Retrieved from S&P NetAdvantage database.

Title of profile/company name. (Date published). In Title of Publication. Retrieved from Database Name.

In-Text Citation

(Standard & Poor’s, 2012)

Stock Report

Bibliography

The Walt Disney Co. (2012, September 29). In Standard & Poor’s Stock Reports. Retrieved from S&P NetAdvantage database.
Standard & Poors. (2010, October 23). Barnes & Noble. In Standard & Poors Stock Reports. Retrieved from S&P NetAdvantage database.

Title of report. (Date published). In Title of Publication. Retrieved from URL.

In-Text Citation

(Standard & Poor’s Stock Reports, 2012)
"As a result of a mix shift toward more e-books" (Standard & Poors, 2010).

Industry Survey

Bibliography

Amobi, T.N. (2012, September 13). Movies and entertainment. In Standard & Poor’s Capital IQ Industry Surveys. Retrieved from S&P NetAdvantage database.
Souers, M. (2010, September 9). Retailing: Specialty. In Standard & Poor's Industry Surveys. Retrieved from Standard & Poor's NetAdvantage database.

Author last name, first initial. (Date Published). Article title. Publication Title. Retrieved from URL

In-Text Citation

(Amobi, 2012, p. x)
Souers (2010) points out that "US savings rate has resumed its upward trend."